Root Canal treatment is a tooth-saving procedure. It is performed on the infected tooth to remove the decay affecting the pulp (underlying tissue containing blood vessels and nerve supply to a tooth).
Simple filling procedure cannot restore a tooth’s dental health when the infection has encroached the pulp. Root canal therapy is the only alternative to save such tooth from being extracted. Nothing looks or functions like your natural tooth. It’s always recommended to retain your natural tooth whenever possible with the endodontic treatment.
The main objective of root canal treatment or endodontic treatment is to preserve the infected existing natural tooth by disinfection. During a root canal therapy, access to the root canal present inside the root of a tooth is gained and the infected tissue is removed entirely. It is then restored with a filling, followed by a Cap/Crown cementation. Hence Root Canal treatment bypasses extraction of the infected tooth and its replacement procedures thereby saving time and money. Root canal treatment may require two or more visits depending on the condition of the tooth.
The number one sign you need a root canal treatment is having a severe tooth pain, especially when eating/biting down on food or having pain and sensitivity with hot or cold foods and drinks.
Skipping root canal therapy isn’t recommended. Patients sometimes believe that their tooth infection healed with their pain suddenly gone. This, however, is a telltale sign that the infection has killed off the pain-sensing nerves. The bacteria from infection can enter into the tissues of gum and jaw which can cause a pus-filled abscess. With an infection still present, this can weaken your tooth, leading to fractures or cracks that will ultimately lead to needing an extraction. Even worse, with an untreated infection, it can spread to other areas of your body
If you are experiencing toothache, seek dental treatment as soon as possible. Less severe the disease process, more conservative would be the treatment approach!